Novato/North Bay
(415) 898-9818

San Francisco
(415) 984-2700

(916) 452-2005

Novato/North Bay
(415) 898-9818

San Francisco
(415) 984-2700

(916) 452-2005

Foot & Ankle Conditions

Common Foot & Ankle Conditions


Arthritis typically manifests as pain or stiffness in a joint, often worse in the morning or with changes in weather. The pain can be worse with walking or with specific types of shoes. Your foot and ankle speciali

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s foot is a common skin infection caused by fungus of the foot. This condition can cause dry scaling skin that may cause itching or burning sensations. The fungal infection can be contracted from affect

Bone Spurs

Bone spurs are often a result of arthritic changes within the foot or ankle. As arthritis progresses, it often decreases the joint space and leads to limited motion. With the decrease in motion and jamming of the


Bunions are often caused by biomechanical and structural abnormalities of the foot. Certain foot types can be inherited and make the foot prone to developing a bunion. This leads to a progressive deformity as the bon

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes is a systemic condition that affects the whole body. The feet are commonly affected due to diabetes and it is important to maintain your feet closely to prevent complications. Diabetes can lead to


A fracture is a break in the bone that requires evaluation and treatment by a foot and ankle specialist. Traumatic fractures often occur from direct impact from a fall or injury. The bone can be broken but remain i

Fungal Toenails

Fungal toenails, also called onychomycosis, is a fungal infection that changes the morphology and appearance of then nails. It classically causes the nails to become thickened with yellow discoloration. With


Gout is a disorder that is caused by excessive uric acid within a joint, most commonly the big toe joint. During a gout attack, the affected joint becomes red, hot and swollen and is typically very painful. Gout is most


A hammertoe is a bending contracture at the level of the joints of the lesser toes. This is often a gradual change that occurs over time due to structural imbalances of the foot. This deformity often causes excess

Heel Pain

Pain in the bottom or the back of the heel can be caused by a vast number of reasons. Proper diagnosis and treatment requires evaluation by a foot and ankle specialist to ensure it is correctly assessed. Conserv

Ingrown Toenails

An ingrown toenail occurs when the nail border is curved downward into the skin, causing irritation, inflammation and pain. If untreated, a local infection can occur causing redness, swelling and drainage. I

Neuromas and Neuritis

Nerve pain within the foot and ankle can be caused by a myriad of conditions. Symptoms that are associated with nerve pathology may include burning, tingling, numbness or sharp electric type pain. Gener

Shin Splints

Shin splints, also known as medial tibial stress syndrome, is pain that occurs along the inner edge of the shin bone (tibia). This often occurs in athletes of any age, especially with high repetition activities


Ankle sprains are often caused by a fall or twist that causes an unnatural rotation and injury. Depending on the severity of the injury, there may be damage to the ligaments surrounding the ankle or may result in a b


Tendinitis is a term that indicates inflammation of any tendon within the foot or ankle. This can occur from acute injury or increased activity. A common tendinitis involves the Achilles tendon. This is often c

Vascular Disease

Vascular disease can occur due to a number of factors. Blood flow is impaired if there is damage to the arteries, which carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the rest of the body. There may be large


Warts are small growths of skin that are caused by an underlying virus. Warts can appear anywhere on the foot but are most commonly located on the bottom of the foot. It may appear as a single lesion or a cluster of le


Wounds are open sores that can arise for a variety of reasons. Wounds may occur as a result of decreased sensation to the feet due to conditions such as diabetes, neurologic disorders or exposure to toxins or chemothe